The term "safe playground" is not an empty slogan that applies to every designated play area. A safe playground must first meet stringent standards; the organization of the space (type and arrangement of equipment and appliances, fencing, etc.), as well standards covering the materials used in the construction.
The safe surface of a playground - as well as other elements of the playground equipment - is regulated by respective regulations and norms. First of all, such surfaces must have adequate shock absorption, high adhesion and must feel "smooth" - that is, they must comprise everything that prevents accidents and injuries.
Particular attention should be given to "fall zones" around equipment such as ladders, slides and swings, where the ground must be particularly soft and flexible.
Progress of technology and realistic requirements mean that the traditional material, sand, is gradually being replaced by newer and better types of surfaces in playgrounds. The most commonly used solutions now are: